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This booklet, “The Obligation of Seeking Refuge from Four Things Before the Dua’ in Tashahud” is taken from: The ‘Original Sifat as-Salah’ By: Shaykh Muhadith Nasir as-Sunnah Muhammad Nasir- Deen Al-Albaani.
The 4 evils are:
1. punishment of the Hell-Fire,
2. punishment of the grave,
3. the Fitna of life and death, and
4. the Fitna (trials) of the Maseeh ad-Dajjal.
‘The Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- used to say: ‘If one of you finishes from the [last] Tashahud; then he should seek refuge with Allaah from four things; [he says: ‘O Allaah verily I seek refuge with You] from the punishment of the Hell-Fire, and from the punishment of the grave, and from the Fitna of life and death, and from the evil of the Fitna (trials) of the Maseeh ad-Dajjal.’ [then he makes Dua’ for himself with that which appears apparent to him] [He -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- would make Dua’ with it in Tashahud] [He -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- used to teach it to his Companions -Radi Allaahu anhum- just as he would teach them a Soorah from the Qur’aan.]